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高考英语语法:动词独立主格结构

来源:101教育网整理 2019-11-12 字体大小: 分享到:

  “逻辑主语+being+其他”是独立主格结构中的“逻辑主语+动词-ing形式”的一种形式。在这种结构中,being往往可以被省去,这种省去being的结构,称之为无动词“独立主格结构”。以下是高考英语语法中动词独立主格结构这一块知识点的整理,供同学们复习。

  动词独立主格结构

  A.逻辑主语+名词

  Ten students entered for the competition, the youngest a boy of 12.

  十个学生报名参加了这次竞赛,年纪最小的是个12岁的男孩。(the youngest和a boy of 12之间省去了being)

  注意:

  独立主格结构中的being在下列两种情况下一般不能省略,一是在"There being +名词"结构中,二是在逻辑主语是代词的情况下。

  There being no bus, we had to walk home.由于没有公共汽车,我们只好走回家。

  It being Sunday, all the offices are closed. 因为是星期日,所有办公室都关门。

  B.逻辑主语+形容词

  He turned to me, his eyes sleepy.

  他睡眼惺忪地转向我。(his eyes和sleepy之间省去了being)

  = He turned to me, and his eyes were sleepy.

  He stood there, his mouth wide open.

  他站在那里,嘴张得大大的。(his mouth和wide open之间省去了being)

  = He stood there, and his mouth was wide open.

  C.逻辑主语+副词

  School over, we all went home.

  放学了,我们都回家了。(school和over之间省去了being)

  = School was over, and we all went home.

  He sat at his desk, his shoes off.

  他坐在课桌旁,没穿鞋子。(his shoes和off之间省去了being)

  = He sat at his desk and his shoes were off.

  D.逻辑主语+介词短语

  He is standing in front of the blackboard, his back towards us.

  他站在黑板面前,背对着我们。

  = He was standing in front of the blackboard, and his back was towards us.

  The new teacher came in, a smile on her face.

  新老师面带微笑走了进来。

  = The new teacher came in and she had a smile on her face.

  The teacher came into the classroom,a rule in his hand.

  老师走进教室,手里拿着一把直尺。

  = The teacher came in and a ruler was in his hand.

  提示:

  在"逻辑主语+介词短语"构成的独立主格结构里,如果名词用单数,可以不用冠词,同时介词短语里的限定词也可省略。

  The music teacher stood at the door, violin in hand.

  音乐老师站在门口,手里拿着一把小提琴。(= The music teacher stood at the door, a violin in his hand.)

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